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U9-U10 Small Sided Recreation
U9-U10 Small-Sided Recreation Playing Recommendations
 
The following was taken from the Small-Sided Games Resource Center of the US Youth Soccer website, www.usyouthsoccer.org.

Information listed in RED indicates an exception to the USYS recommendations, adopted by NCYSA through the Recreation Council.

This page updated August 2005

US YOUTH SOCCER

Revised April 12, 2005

US Youth Soccer Official Under 10 Small-Sided Playing Recommendations
NCYSA Includes Under 9 Within Under 10 Recommendations

US Youth Soccer recommended modifications to the FIFA Laws of the Game. FIFA Laws of the Game can be found at www.ussoccer.com/referees.

Please see the U10 addendum and appendix at the end of the Laws section.

Law 1 – The Field of Play

Dimensions: The field of play must be rectangular. The length of the touchline must be greater than the length of the goal line.

Length: minimum 45 yards maximum 60 yards

Width: minimum 35 yards maximum 45 yards

Field Markings: Distinctive lines not more than (5) inches wide. The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The center mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway line. A circle with a radius of eight (8) yards is marked around it.

The Goal area: Conform to FIFA.

The Penalty Area: A penalty area is defined at each end of the field as follows: Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, ten (10) yards from the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend into the field of play for a distance of ten (10) yards and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the penalty area. Within each penalty area a penalty mark is made eight (8) yards from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them. An arc of a circle with a radius of eight (8) yards from each penalty mark is drawn outside the penalty area.

Flag posts: Conform to FIFA.

The Corner Arc: Conform to FIFA.

Goals: Goals must be placed on the center of each goal line. They consist of two upright posts equidistant from the corner flag posts and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The maximum distance between the posts is eighteen (18) feet and the maximum distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is six (6) feet.

Law 2 – The Ball

Size four (4).

Law 3 – The Number of Players

A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than six players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start if either team consists of fewer than five players.

NCYSA: MAXIMUM ROSTER SIZE IS 12

Substitutions: At any stoppage and unlimited.

Playing time: Each player SHALL play a minimum of 50% of the total playing time. Teams and matches may be coed.

Law 4 – The Players Equipment

Conform to FIFA. Non-uniform clothing is allowed based on weather conditions, but uniforms must still distinguish teams.

Law 5 – The Referee

Registered referee, especially Grade 9 or parent/coach or assistant coach. All rule infringements shall be briefly explained to the offending player.

Law 6 – The Assistant Referee

Not required. May use club linesmen/women if desired.

Law 7 – The Duration of the Match

Conform to FIFA with the exception of the match being divided into two (2) equal halves of twenty-five (25) minutes each. There shall be a half-time interval of five (5) minutes.

Law 8 – The Start and Restart of Play

Conform to FIFA with the exception that opponents of the team taking the kick-off are at least eight (8) yards from the ball until it is in play.

Law 9 – The Ball In and Out of Play

Conform to FIFA.

Law 10 – The Method of Scoring

Conform to FIFA.

Law 11 – Offside

None.

Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct

Conform to FIFA with the exception that an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team at the center spot on the halfway line if a goalkeeper punts or drop-kicks the ball in the air from his/her penalty area into the opponents penalty area.

Law 13 – Free Kicks

Conform to FIFA with the exception that opponents are at least eight (8) yards from the ball.

Law 14 – The Penalty Kick

Conform to FIFA with the exception that the penalty mark is made eight (8) yards from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them.

Law 15 – The Throw-In

Conform to FIFA.

Law 16 – The Goal Kick

Conform to FIFA.

Law 17 – The Corner Kick

Conform to FIFA with the exception that opponents remain at least eight (8) yards away from the ball until it is in play.

ADDENDUM

MODIFIED RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE GAME FOR U10
NCYSA Includes Under 9 Within Under 10 Recommendations

Law 1 The Field of Play: dimensions are smaller to accommodate the six-versus-six game and are appropriate for the movement capabilities of eight- and nine-year-old children. These adjusted dimensions provide more practical space allowing players to be successful.

Field Markings: the penalty area is marked, but is smaller than the adult field size playing area. The center circle is two yards smaller in radius than the adult size field marking. All other markings per FIFA.

Goals: the goal, 6 x 18 feet, is the same for the U10 and U12 age groups. By using the same size goal for both age groups clubs will have to buy fewer goals.

Law 2 The Ball: must be a size four. The smaller ball is lighter and more easily kicked, received, dribbled and passed.

Law 3 The Number of Players: The six-a-side game now includes the goalkeeper. The smaller number of field players will provide the opportunity for the children to further develop their physical and technical abilities. These are valuable traits for all soccer players to develop. With fewer players on the field each child has an increased number of contacts with the ball and has more actual playing time. Additionally the players will be required to make more decisions and experience repeating game situations frequently. The work rate and involvement of players will be more consistent. While learning both offense and defense, players will become well rounded and will understand more readily the roles and importance of teammates. The need for players to make the mental and physical transition from offense to defense and vice-versa will be enhanced in this playing environment. The minimum number of players to begin a match for preteen players in SSG should be one (1) less that the number required on the field. That is for U12 the minimum will be seven (7) and for U10 the minimum will be five (5). There should not be a minimum for U8 and U6 and clubs, administrators, coaches and referees should be encouraged to allow players from the team with sufficient numbers to ‘loan' a player or two to the team that is short players and then PLAY.

NCYSA: MAXIMUM ROSTER SIZE IS 12

Law 5 The Referee: per FIFA. Clubs are urged to use this age group as a field training opportunity for Grade 9 Recreational Referees. All rule infringements shall be briefly explained to the offending player.

Law 6 The Assistant Referees: Use club linesmen/women. Implement here the referee-in-training program.

Law 7 The Duration of the Match: per FIFA with the exception of the halves being 25 minutes each.

Law 8 The Start and Restart of Play: per FIFA. The distance the defending players must be away from the ball until it is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

Law 10 Goal Scored: shall conform to FIFA and the sections concerning Winning Team and Competition Rules shall conform to US Youth Soccer guidelines.

Law 11Offside: there shall be no offside called during these games.

Law 12 The rule on the goalkeeper's distribution still allows for the ball to be punted the entire length of the field, it just can not go directly into the opponents' penalty area.

Law 13 Free Kicks: per FIFA. The distance the defending players must be away from the ball until it is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

Law 14 The Penalty Kick:Conform to FIFA with the exceptions that the penalty mark is ten yards from the center of the goal line and those players other than the kicker and defending goalkeeper are at least eight yards from the penalty mark. The distance of eight yards conforms to the radius of the center circle. The distance of ten yards from the center of the goalmouth for the penalty mark fits within the reduced dimensions of the penalty area and is a reasonable distance for the kick.

Law 17 The Corner Kick: per FIFA. The distance the defending players must be away from the ball until it is kicked is the same as the radius of the center circle.

US Youth Soccer Recommendations
* Opposing coaches, players and parents should shake hands after each match.
* Parent/coaches, non-participating players and spectators should be there to enjoy and encourage the activity of the youngsters.
* No alcoholic beverages or tobacco products will be consumed or allowed near the playing area.
* Spectator and team benches should be on opposite sides of the field.
* No slide tackles to be allowed in this age group.
* Coaches of U10 teams should attend the U10/U12 Youth Module coaching course and the Grade 9 referee course.

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR A DIAGRAM OF THE SETUP FOR U10 MODIFIED FIELDS